The Relationship Between Thyroid Disorders and Trace Elements: A Systematic Analysis

Research Article




Thyroid, Trace Elements, Autoimmune Thyroid Diseases, Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyroidism


Trace elements such as iodine (I) and selenium (Se) are vital to human health and play an important role in metabolism. They are also important for thyroid metabolism and function and are associated with thyroid autoimmunity and tumors. Other minerals such as iron (Fe), lithium (Li), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn), magnesium (Mg), cadmium (Cd), and molybdenum (Mo) may be associated with thyroid function. Normal thyroid function depends on various trace elements for thyroid hormone synthesis and metabolism. These trace elements interact with each other and are in a dynamic balance. However, this balance can be disrupted by an excess or deficiency of one or more elements, which can lead to abnormal thyroid function and the development of autoimmune thyroid diseases and thyroid tumors. The relationship between trace elements and thyroid disorders is still unclear, and more research is needed to clarify this issue and improve understanding of the impact of trace elements on thyroid function and metabolism. This review systematically reviews the recently published literature on the relationship between various trace elements and thyroid function.


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How to Cite

Zeytindal, F. (2023). The Relationship Between Thyroid Disorders and Trace Elements: A Systematic Analysis: Research Article. Europeanatolia Health Sciences Journal, 1(1), 35–49.