The Role of Trace Elements and Minerals in Insulin Resistance and Diabetes

Research Article




Insulin, Diabetes, Trace Elements, Minerals


Minerals and trace elements are micronutrients essential to the human body but only in traceable amounts. However, they exhibit well-defined biochemical functions. Deficiencies in these micronutrients are associated with common human health problems. This article focuses on some of these mineral and trace element deficiencies and their consequences in diabetes and insulin resistance. Local differences in dietary selenium, zinc, copper, iron, chromium and iodine occur in both developed and developing countries. These general deficiencies and, in a few cases, excess of essential trace elements can lead to imbalances in glucose homeostasis and insulin resistance. The most extensive problems affecting one billion or more people worldwide, among them iodine (I), selenium (Se), zinc (Zn), calcium (Ca), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), iron (Fe), boron It is associated with an inadequate supply of a number of minerals and trace elements, including (B) and magnesium (Mg). This article; includes several randomized controlled trials, cohort and case-control studies, and observational-laboratory-based studies that show significant consequences of micronutrient deficiencies on diabetes and insulin resistance in some human populations.


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How to Cite

Erdoğdu, Şükran. (2023). The Role of Trace Elements and Minerals in Insulin Resistance and Diabetes: Research Article. Europeanatolia Health Sciences Journal, 1(1), 1–5.