The Role of Rescue Failure in Cardiovascular Surgery and Intensive Care Unit

Research Article




Rescue Failure, FR, Cardiovascular, Mortality, Quality


An extensive literature review was conducted on the emerging role of failure to rescue (FR) as a quality measure for cardiovascular surgery and critical care. To this end, all original research studies evaluating the application of FR in cardiovascular surgery and intensive care from 1992 to 2023 were identified. All included studies were evaluated for quality. Although all studies define FR as mortality after surgical complications, a high heterogeneity has been reported among studies of included complications. There are certain factors that affect FR, which are divided into hospital- and patient-related factors. Identifying these factors allowed us to create a step-by-step roadmap to reduce the FR rate. Recently, FR has further evolved as a measure to assess morbidity rather than mortality. All these advances are discussed in greater detail in the present review, thus providing all necessary information to surgeons, anesthesiologists and physicians wishing to implement BP as a quality measure in their organization.


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How to Cite

Sayar, B. (2023). The Role of Rescue Failure in Cardiovascular Surgery and Intensive Care Unit : Research Article. Europeanatolia Health Sciences Journal, 1(1), 6–17.